Area: 1,886,068 square kilometers
Population: approx. 37 million
Currency: Sudanese Dinar (SDD)
Sudan is a huge and geographically diverse country. It is the only country blessed with two versions of the River Nile. The longest one is the White Nile, originating in Lake Victoria in Uganda. The Blue Nile originates in the mountains of Ethiopia. Both rivers meet in the capital, Khartoum.
Khartoum is the capital of Sudan, situated at the confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The city has a number of interesting museums, such as the National Museum, containing archaeological items from around the country. There is also the Ethnological Museum, displaying tribal artifacts, and the National History Museum, with displays of local wildlife.
The confluence of the White and Blue Niles is another major attraction in Khartoum.
The largest city in Sudan, Omdurman is Khartoum's sister city across the Nile. The city is famous for the site of the Mahdi's Tomb (which is not open to foreigners).
Another place of interest is the Khalifa's House, which contains relics of the Mahdi and British Sudan. There is also the Old Dervishes' Fort Museum with exhibits from colonial times.
Omdurman has a large souk, with a lively and bustling atmosphere. Gold, silver, ivory and ebony items of all kinds can be found here. Best time to visit is on Friday mornings.
Omdurman’s camel market is located 2 km north of the souk.
Dinder National Park
This wildlife reserve is in eastern Sudan, 400 km southeast of Khartoum, on the border with Ethiopia. Lions, monkeys, giraffes, leopards, bushbucks, kudus, antelope and many kinds of birds can be seen here. The park's main season is January-April. Special trips to the national park are organised from Khartoum.
The Red Sea Coast
The Red Sea is one of Sudan's main tourist attractions. The huge variety of fish and the fascinating coral reefs, attract scuba divers and holidaymakers. The cities of Port Sudan and Suakin are the main centres from which to explore the coast.
Erkowit, 1200 m above sea level, used to be a retreat where the British could get a fresh breeze. It is in the coastal mountains of the Red Sea, and used to be famous for its evergreen vegetation. Erosion and land degradation has eventually turned the area into semi-desert.