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Please note that the transcription list follows English alphabetical order.
Transcription
Pronunciation
Letter name
Letter shape

' a "stop sound" produced by closing the vocal cords (the air stops for just a moment) hamza

3 a guttural sound produced by compression of the throat and expulsion of breath 3ayn

a short a, like in bag fatHa

aa long a, like in care 'alif

b like the English b baa'

D a d with the tongue pressed against the upper gum, at the edge of the upper teeth Daad

d like the French d daal

dh like th in this dhaal

f like the English f faa'

gh a gargling sound, somewhat similar to the French r ghayn

H like a hissing h Haa'

h like the English h haa'

i like i in in kasra

ii like ee in screen yaa'

j like j in job jiim

k like the English k kaaf

kh like the German ch in Achtung khaa'

l like the German l laam

m like the English m miim

n like the French n nuun

q like a k with the tongue farther back qaaf

r like the Spanish r raa'

S an s with the tongue pressed against the upper gum, at the edge of the upper teeth Saad

s like s in sand siin

sh like sh in shell shiin

T a T with the tongue pressed against the upper gum, at the edge of the upper teeth Taa'

t like the French t taa'

th like th in think thaa'

u like the short German u Damma

uu like oo in boot waaw

w like w in we waaw

y like y in yes yaa'

Z a z with the tongue pressed against the upper gum, at the edge of the upper teeth Zaa'

z like z in zoom zaa'

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